Ecuador or the Republic of Ecuador is located in the northwest region of South America and is bordered by Colombia, Peru, and the Pacific Ocean. Quito is its capital city and Spanish as its official language. Ecuador was originally incorporated in the 15th century by the Inca Empire and gained its independence in 1820 as part of Gran Colombia. The country is known for its vast diversity and interesting flora and fauna. Interestingly Ecuador is also home to some of the most beautiful holiday destinations like Cotopaxi, Middle of the World, Quilotoa Lake, Bartolome Island, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi National Park, North Seymour Island, etc.
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North Seymour is a beautiful island located in Baltra Island, Galapagos Island. This island was formed due to an uplift caused by a submarine lava formation and the whole island is covered by bushy vegetation. The island has been named after-Lord Hugh Seymour who is an English nobleman. The island stretches for 1.9meter and has a large population of blue-footed –boobies, iguanas, frigate birds, and swallow-tailed gulls. There is a breeding ground for birds as well as the Galapagos Land Iguana.
Cotopaxi is located on the Latacunga canton, Cotopaxi Province, south of Quito, Ecuador, and is partially part of the chain of volcanoes that form the Pacific Ring of fire in the Pacific Plate. It is an active stratovolcano along the Andes Mountain and also the second-highest summit that sits at the height of 5897m making it one of the highest volcanoes in the world. Cotopaxi had a history of more than 50 eruptions the last to have been erupted in August 2015. The eruption has resulted in the formation of several valleys centered around the volcano. The first European who tried climbing the mountain was Alexander von Humboldt, however, he remained unsuccessful. Cotopaxi is clearly visible from the Quito skyline on a clear day.
Chimborazo is an inactive stratovolcano that last erupted around 550 A.D and is situated along with the Cordillera Occidental ranges of the Andes Mountain. It is the highest mountain in Ecuador that sits at an elevation of 6263 meters. The summit is also the farthest point from the earth’s center and is the 39th highest peak in the Andes. Chimborazo is one of the best places to experience mountain climbing and demands expert skill from its visitors owing to the difficult terrain and the crampons where high tech equipment are required.
Bartolome Island is a volcanic islet located off the east coast of Santiago Island. It is amongst the younger island of the Galapagos archipelago and stretches for 1.2 sq km. The island has one of the most beautiful landscapes and consists of an extinct volcano that displays hues of red, orange, green, and glistening black.
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